CLIMATE CHANGE AND GLOBAL WARNING AND WATER RESOURCES
Climate Change is unequivocal.
The Authority Undertakes climate actions in terms of Mitigation and adaptation to minimizing the effects of global warming and climate change
Impacts of climate change on Water Resources
Variability of water regimes (Such us the frequency of drastic rise of water levels in seven folks dam eg Masinga Dam)
Sea level rise due to melting of snow and ice .This leads to sea water surge eg the river tana mouth which alters the ecosystems of the delta. Also seen at the coastal area
High temperatures leading to increased evapo – transpiration meaning little soil water.( This means more irrigation, low crop production where irrigation cannot be done.)
Water related conflicts over declining usable water (Hundreds of people are exposed to increased water stress, still for growing population.)
Erratic rainfall causing floods (Increased damage from floods and storms, low lying coastal areas as seen in Lamu, mombasa)
The important Question is what can be done to reduce global warming , to cope with whatever temperature increased, which the global community sets at less than 20C by 2050.
Two things are proposed Adaptation and Mitigation
Hydrological monitoring to facilitate early warning systems, Building of FEWS – Flood early warning systems, Maintenance of reserve flows (Environmental flows in river – draught to cushion against draught. Institutionalization of WRUAS (To solve the water use conflicts at the lowest level, and support enforcement and compliance
Continuous awareness creation