OVERVIEW OF WATER RESOURCES SUBCOMPONENT
KENYA WATER SECURITY AND CLIMATE RESILIENCE PROJECT (KWSCRP)
The following are the components in KWSCRP being undertaken by WRA:
The objective of this sub-component is to improve the capacity and knowledge base for basin-level water resources management in Kenya, including integrated basin planning and mainstreaming climate resilience.
The sub-component consists of three activities:
2.2.1 – Water Resources Knowledge Base: This activity aims to upgrade the water resources monitoring network, extend forecasting and early warning capacity, and improve the knowledge base in order to provide timely information to support real-time decisions in Kenya’s six main basins. It requires collaborative working and data sharing arrangements between various institutions, including KMD, WRA/WRRA, Basin Boards and other relevant agencies.
2.2.2 – Water Resources Planning and Allocation: This activity aims to develop the analytical and stakeholder consultation framework to support basin planning and water resource allocation in Kenya’s six main basins.
2.2.3 – Institutional Capacity Strengthening and Partnerships: This activity aims to develop adequate capacity and institutional relationships with specialized organizations for effective water management and planning. The first stage of this activity will include detailed needs assessments, including the institutions, procedures, knowledge, human resources, equipment, infrastructure, etc. The development of systems and capacity will be supported to ensure that systems put in place under Activities 2.2.1 and 2.2.2 are sustainable.
The Flood Early Warning System (FEWS) sub-component aims to improve the existing flood early warning system for Lower Nzoia River Basin and its purpose is to minimize damage to life and property in the event of a flood. The existing system is currently used for daily flood forecasting by the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD), which is part of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MENR) and requires support for continued operation.
The project will be implemented by KMD and WRA in collaboration with relevant government institutions.
Lower Nzoia Flood Early Warning Systems (USD$3.5M) – Includes the cost of civil works and equipment for the Flood Early Warning Systems; also, preparation of a design build contract for implementation and supervision. Two major stations to be established a) Flood Forecast and Warning Center (HQ) and Flood Information and Dissemination Center (Kakamega). MoU is needed between WRA/KMD.
The containment action for flood events through the early warning broadcasting based on alarm criteria will include:
Improvement of the flood forecasting and warning system: introduction of a Customized Integrated Flood Monitoring, Flood Forecasting, dissemination and control System at N-FFEWC at KMD;
Relevant Skills development / Training
Sub Component 22.214.171.124: Nzoia Watershed Management
The sub-component will be funded by the AF to help extend the life of the existing flood protection works which includes the watershed management and flood early warning system activities that will be undertaken upstream of the approved flood control infrastructure. This sub project is focused on reducing sediment loads in Nzoia River as the rates of sedimentation in the Lower Nzoia Watershed are extremely high and estimated at 65 mm per year since 1981 while the carrying capacity of the lower Nzoia river channel has been increasingly reduced over the past years, due to rapid sediment deposit.
Lower Nzoia Watershed Management – Includes the cost of community driven watershed management activities to control upstream erosion upstream while at the same time improving the livelihoods of participating communities.
Improved management of the Nzoia Watershed would ensure increased effectiveness of the improved Nzoia flood protection and decreased maintenance costs at the LNIP to be financed under KWSCRP-1.
Activities to be undertaken include:
Planning and implementation of watershed management activities in the areas with the highest rates of erosion in the Nzoia watershed, with a goal of improving livelihoods through the promotion of sustainable land management practices and reduction of sediment loads in the lower Nzoia watershed,
WRA applies the integrated water resources management approach and will implement this sub-component with the Water Resources Users Associations (WRUAs).
Sub – component 2.2: Strengthening of Water Resources Management and Planning
The objective of this sub-component is to improve the capacity and knowledge base for basin-level water resources management in Kenya, including integrated basin planning and mainstreaming climate resilience. The sub-component builds on the strengthened sector’s wide institutional and legal frameworks supported under sub-component 2.1 by focusing on the information, technical capacity and participatory aspects of water resource planning that will contribute to the sustainability and climate resilience of Kenya’s water resources and associated investments.
This is under KWSCRP-II that is focusing at the Coastal area where the main investment is on Mwache Dam. This undertaking is supposed to ensure reduced siltation levels to the dam and WRA is involved as a partner to guide on WRUA formation and Sub – catchment management plans that will form the mitigation measures for the sedimentation as well as protect the catchment.
WRA is also conducting the physiographic study to help in identification of the soil erosion hot spot areas. As per the Project Documents, the CDA PIU in the coastal region will deliver the sub-component in close partnership with the affected communities; local governments, including Kwale and Mombasa counties; and relevant agencies, including CWSB, Water Resources Authority (WRA), and Kenya Forestry Service (KFS).
Under this there is a component on Sustainable Livelihoods’ Improvement where the WRUAs will be involved. WRA will need to make deliberate effort to participate during the development of Water Master Plan for Kwale.